1. Does a person die for his or her sins?
No. 1 Corinthians 15:22, “For as in Adam all die…”
Christian or not, everyone dies. Christian or not, everyone has sinned. We are all under the penalty of death due to the sin of Father Adam. Because Adam sinned, all of his posterity are also born in sin. No matter how noble, or faithful, or loving a Christian is, he cannot avoid death. Death is the penalty of Adam's original sin.
2. Is it God’s will for someone to die?
1 Corinthians 15:22, “…even so in Christ shall all be made alive.”
Now, God is only offering a little flock, those who become Christians, the opportunity to receive forgiveness and life in Christ. God is specifically directing their lives to learn to do His will and thereby to transform their characters into Christ-likeness. “For it is God who works in you both to will and to do for His good pleasure,” Philippians 2:13.
God has promised to over-rule everything, including the time of death, for His Church class (Bride of Christ). “And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose.”
The rest of mankind will be “made alive,” during Christ’s reign on earth. Then, God will write His “law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people…I will remember their sin no more, Jeremiah 31:33, 34. Only the unwilling of mankind will die the second death.