The person Shiloh is only referenced once in the Bible. Genesis 49:10 (ASV), “The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the obedience of the peoples be.” Shiloh is Jesus. This is a prophecy which began its fulfillment at Jesus’ first advent continues progressively through this present age into the establishment of Christ’s righteous reign on earth.
Shiloh is thought to mean peace. Our Lord Jesus is the great peacemaker both between God and man (Colossians 1:20) and between men and men (Isaiah 2:4). Additionally, Revelation 5:5 identifies our risen Lord as the ruler from the tribe of Judah, “the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David.”
The scepter, or title to “all power in heaven and in earth,” was given Jesus at His resurrection (Matthew 28:18). But He awaits the Father's appointed time – before He will exercise His great power and begin His glorious reign on earth.
Thus, the prophecy of Genesis 49:10 foretells that Shiloh (Jesus, the Peacemaker) will come from Judah, will be given the power and right to reign, and all people will obey Him (during God’s kingdom). Isaiah 9:7 (NASB), “There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness from then on and forevermore.”