The Bible doesn’t specify the exact consequences of sins, except that all sins result in death. Romans 6:23, “The wages of sin is death…” Many times it is the guilt which results from sin which creates suffering, illness, and distress. Guilt may be manifested physically: sleeplessness, stomach pains, heartaches, headaches, loss of appetite, high blood pressure, etc. It can cause angry outbursts, depression, grief, and fearfulness. Thankfully, it is that guilty conscience which can drive us to repent, ask God and the person for forgiveness through Jesus Christ, and attempt to right the situation.
Some people are born without consciences (sociopaths), and they feel little to no guilt or empathy for the one injured. Others may have been abused and taught not to feel guilt. Sadly, some have so seared their own consciences through greater and greater acts of sin, that they too feel no guilt. All of these people are dangerous and sick.
However, a person who feels great remorse over sinful acts at least manifests a tender heart. The Bible teaches us what to do when we sin. 1 John 1:9, “If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.” First, we confess our sins to God and ask for forgiveness through Jesus’ blood. We need to ask for guidance that our feet may walk a different path in the future. Then we apologize to the one we sinned against and try to make reparations. Finally, we believe God forgives us, and we submit to any cleansing work He needs to do in our lives. The Apostle Paul specifically warns against returning to sin that “grace may abound”, Romans 6:1.
It is very important to believe God’s word that we are forgiven. When a person constantly rehearses his sins and continuously repents for old sins, then he is not having faith in God’s word. If a person is overwhelmed by old, forgiven sins, then perhaps that person could find some relief by seeking professional, Christian counseling. God does not want us to live in guilt when He freely offers forgiveness, love and peace through Jesus Christ.