First, he was taken to Annas, (see John 18:19) the former high priest of Israel. Jesus was mistreated during the questioning, and this was only the beginning of his horrible, unfair trials.
Next, he was brought to Annas’ son-in-law, Caiaphas, the current high priest. He demanded that Jesus say whether he was the Messiah, the Son of God. (Matt 26:64 NLT), “Jesus replied, ‘You have said it. And in the future you will see the Son of Man seated in the place of power at God’s right hand…’” Caiaphas was angry, saying this answer was blasphemous. Blasphemy is the act of speaking disrespectful things about God, which, of course, Jesus never did. The Jewish leaders shouted that he was guilty and should die. When he was beaten, he did not fight back or defend himself. Next, they took him to Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea.
When Pilate asked Jesus if he was the King of the Jews (See Matt 27:11) he said yes. The crowd shouted that he should be crucified, but Pilate knew Jesus had done nothing wrong. When Pilate learned Jesus had lived and worked in Galilee (see Luke 23:6), he transferred him to Herod, the governor of Galilee. (See Luke 23:8)
Herod (see Luke 23:8) hoped to see him perform a miracle, but Jesus would not answer any of his questions or respond to the teachers of the Law shouting their accusations (see Luke 23:10 from the Life Application Bible’s version of the NLT). After Herod and his soldiers made fun of Jesus, Herod sent him back to Pilate, believing Jesus had done nothing to deserve death.
Pilate ordered Jesus to be beaten with a sharp whip and was about to let him go. However, the crowd continued to cry out for his death. To symbolically show he would not be to blame for sentencing him to death, Pilate washed his hands in front of the crowd. He then turned Jesus over to the Roman soldiers to be crucified. According to the book of Mark, (see 15:17) the soldiers made fun of Jesus’ authority by dressing him in a purple robe and making him wear a painful crown of thorns. Beaten and disrespected, Jesus said nothing, willing to die in order to eventually raise all people back to life in God’s future kingdom, which even includes everyone who hurt him. (WATCH OUR VIDEO, “WHY DID JESUS HAVE TO DIE?”)
So, what happened after Jesus was arrested? He was questioned and mistreated in a series of trials. First, he was sent to Annas and Caiphas, then to Pilate, then Herod, then back to Pilate. Jesus suffered great pain and humiliation for all of us. How grateful we should be for his willing sacrifice that will restore life to everyone who has ever died.
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